I have decided to create an update to this since it is outdated and no longer works.
How to get The Aetherlight to run on Linux
Install the Aetherlight on Windows(and maybe Mac IDK).
Install wine 32 by opening terminal running
sudo apt-get install wine32
Copy "TheAetherlight_data"(folder), "UnityPlayer.dl"(file) and "TheAetherlight.exe" from wherever it is (on WIndows/Mac) to home/.wine/drive_c/users/YourUser(Linux)
Open terminal and set your directory by running
cd 'home/.wine/drive_c/users/YourUser' (where you copied the stuff to)
And bam, it should run The Aetherlight.
If it gives an error about being out of date simply run The Aetherlight on you original computer and re-copy the files and folder.