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Parts of a Courtroom
If you’re designing a courtroom layout, two of the biggest components you’ll need to think about are the jury seating layout, and the gallery seating layout.
Among all the things found in a courtroom setting (the bench, well, railing, etc.), these are two areas where you’ll need to consider seat quantity, spacing, swivel room, etc.
Located in the “jury box” , the jury seating area is made up of a number of “fixed” seats.
The Gallery is the seating area for the general public or anyone viewing the proceedings. Depending on the courtroom, the seating may be theater-style (individual chairs) or bench / pew style.
It’s not within our expertise nor the scope of this article to talk about laying out all the components of a courtroom, so if you need info on other components in a courtroom (the bench, witness stand, etc.) take a look at this Wiki article.
Let’s jump into a few examples of courtroom layout diagrams…
Courtroom Layout Diagrams
Here’s a quick example of the physical layout of a courtroom:
This gives you a rough idea of where the gallery seating is in relation to the jury seating box. As you can see, this sample jury seating layout includes 14 individual fixed seats.
Here’s a few more examples for your reference or inspiration…
Next, we’ll take a more in-depth look at the setup and layout of jury seating.
Courtroom Seating Layout Examples
As we mentioned, the seating inside the jury box is “fixed”, meaning that the individual seats are bolted to the ground.
When working on your courtroom layout and choosing what seating you’ll be using for the jury box, be sure to give consideration to the following elements:
Here’s a good visual example of some nominal seat sizing, standard in the industry for jury seating:
Here’s an example of the spacing and layout you want to allow for:
Notice that in the above diagram, you can space it such that only one chair can swivel at a time (the lower row) or space it wider so that each chair can swivel independently.
The way you lay this out will depend on the size of your jury box, and the amount of emphasis on comfort and personal space you want to allow the members of the jury.
Finally, here’s an example of the fixed seating installation method:
Notice that ideally, everything should be bolted in such a way as to have a clean appearance after installation. Also, remember that in addition to your jury box, your gallery can also contain fixed seating.